18th century, but. He waged war for years against England and HollandFrance had a population around 20 million, about four times larger than England and 10 times larger than Holland. Locke intimates in the First Treatise that the doctrine of divine right of kings ( jure divino ) will eventually be the downfall of all governments. Locke uses the term Common-wealth to mean "not a democracy, or any form of government, but any independent community" (sec. Family Background John Locke was born in Somerset, England, August 29, 1632. Locke s writings did much to inspire the libertarian ideals of the. Rather, Locke felt that a legitimate contract could easily exist between citizens and a monarchy, an oligarchy or some mixed form ( 2nd., sec.
Soon Shaftesbury spearheaded opposition to the Restoration Parliaments, which enacted measures enforcing conformity with Anglican worship and suppressing dissident Protestants. The Magistrate, he declared, ought not to forbid the Preaching or Professing of any Speculative Opinions in any Church, because they have no manner of relation to the Civil Rights of the Subjects. The apple is surely his when he swallows it, when he chews it, when he bites into it, when he brings it to his mouth, etc.: it became his as soon as he mixed his labour with it (by picking it from the tree). Locke even negotiated the marriage terms for Shaftesburys son and served as tutor for Shaftesburys grandson. In 1652, he won a scholarship to Christ Church, Oxford Universitys most important college, which trained men mainly for the clergy. Thomas Sydenham as a man whom, in the acuteness of his intellect, in the steadiness of his judgement. "The English Revolution and Locke 's friendship essays 'Two Treatises of Government. 23 Marginalized groups such as women, Dissenters and those campaigning to abolish the slave trade all invoked Lockean ideals. In 1649, rebels beheaded Charles.